So finally here we get the good news of a big change in the education policy of India not just big I would say the big and much-needed change in the education policy of India. It was announced on the 29th of July by the HRD minister of India. The new education policy has an aim behind it which is to make India a global knowledge superpower. It will be applicable from this academic year which is due because of the ongoing situations.
What exactly has changed in the NEP ( New Education Policy )
So this new education policy is a recommendation of the dr k Kasturi Rangan committee. Dr. K Kasturi Rangan is a former ISRO chairman. Now let’s talk about how the new education policy is different from previous education policy and what exactly has changed in our education system and the most important part is how things are going to change practice. You will be shocked to hear the number of years our previous Education Policy was old so it was exactly a 34-year-old national policy on education which we just replaced with the new education policy 2020
The government also provides Scholarships to the aspiring and capable students of the nation. Students can check for scholarship opportunities on the National Scholarship Portal ( NSP ) or the PFMS portal ( public financial management system ).
So what has changed now schooling will start from the age of three yes that is the first change
- According to our previous policy on education, the age group was 6 to 14 years of mandatory cooling but now it is 3 to 18 years of mandatory schooling according to the NEP 2020
This was the first and the basic change in the policy now I cover all the changes in the simplest terms so that everyone who is reading this can understand what exactly is changed and our education system.
- Previously after 10th class students had to fit in either in the commerce field on the science field or in Arts there was no option to you know like go for the subjects which student wants for example if I am interested in physics but I’m also interested in Economics then there was no option to go for both I had to pick is a science or commerce or Arts but this has completely changed now it’s on the student what exactly he or she wants to go for if she is studying physics, science then he/she can also select to go for Economics or accounting or whatever has an interest in.
This change brought in the flexibility in the education system for students and we the 90’s kids feel jealous of the new students.
- The next major change in this new education policy is that previously we had the 10 + 2 academic structure which is now changed to 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 structure. As mentioned above in the previous 10 + 2 structure education used to begin at 6 years of age but now it will start from 3 years of age.
- Students will get vocational training now from class 6 and not just that, from the class 6th only they will get to learn to code.
- Now the next important change is in the report cards or the progress reports which students get at the end of the academic year from their teachers. So now no only the teachers will assess the students but also the students themselves will evaluate their own performance for the specific academic year which will help in critical thinking.
- Now a big change from the government’s perspective is that now 6% of GDP will be spent on Education in India.
What is Changing in Higher Education?
So currently there are 3 major governing bodies for higher education which are UGC (University Grants Commission), AICTE ( All India Council Of Technical Education ), NCTE ( National Council Of Teachers Education ) now with the new education policy, all these 3 bodies are going to merge and form the new body which is HECI ( Higher Education Commission of India ). Medical and Legal education will not be under the HECI.
- National Research Foundation ( NRF ) will be formed with the NEP 2020 which is being compared to the NSF which is the National Science Foundation of the USA. There is a plus point in NRF which is the focus will not only be on science like NSF.
The new Education policy as brought multiple entry-exit programs which basically means in simple words for example a student has selected a particular degree like B.tech for graduation after 12th and after the 1st year of college he/she feels that they are no longer interested in that same course or degree then they can switch to a different program. Now, this is an amazing chance for a student as students will be able to explore multiple subjects and select the best one for themselves. The multiple entry-exit programs also have a crucial advantage which is if a student due to whatever reasons drops out of the college after 1st year then he/she will get a certificate from the college or university, If the student drops out after 2nd year then he/she will get a diploma this is what flexible exit is.
Academic Credit Bank
I will explain this with an example so if a student drops out after his/her 1 or 2 years of higher education then he/she will get the academic credits which will be used in the future if the student plans to get back and complete his/her education which promotes the multiple entry system and the aim behind this is to give them opportunities to dropouts to come back and complete their education.
Other Important Changes
- National Mission on Mentoring: Now this is focused on the development of quality teachers.
- Meeting International Standards: The aim behind this new policy is the grow our educational infrastructure to meet international standards.
- Open and Distance learning education will be promoted which will provide more opportunities to aspiring students.
Now lets talk about some controversial point of this NEP
The very first controversial point in this NEP is the language as according to the NEP the preferable language till 8th grade will be the home language, the regional or local language. Although it is mentioned there in the policy that no language would be forced on the students Sanskrit and classical language will be available as an option and after the 9th there’ll be foreign languages in options as well.
Next controversial part is the practical implementation of this policy in the current situation of the education in the nation.